When Laziness Pays: Math explains how cooperation and cheating evolve | Science News

SUPPORT SCIENCE NEWS

Science News is a nonprofit.

Help us keep you informed.


News

When Laziness Pays: Math explains how cooperation and cheating evolve

By
10:43am, January 12, 2005

Researchers have proposed a solution to a long-standing evolutionary conundrum: Why do populations of identical organisms sometimes split into two strains, cooperators and cheaters?

Cooperation and cheating, inescapable parts of human existence, also occur in a wide range of other creatures, down to the tiniest. For instance, in a yeast population, some cells produce the enzymes required to digest sugars, while other cells mooch off their enzyme-producing fellows.

Since all the yeast cells live in the same environment, why are some cooperators and others cheaters? For decades, researchers have struggled to explain how such dichotomies arise. Now, a trio of mathematicians and zoologists has proposed a model for the split.

The team assumed that the population starts out consisting of identical organisms. Each individual is capable of producing, at some cost to itself, a certain common good—such as an enzyme—that benefits both the individual and the popul

This article is only available to Science News subscribers. Already a subscriber? Log in now. Or subscribe today for full access.

Get Science News headlines by e-mail.

More from Science News

From the Nature Index Paid Content