Humans

  1. Health & Medicine

    Novel typhoid vaccine surpasses old ones

    A new vaccine links a sugar molecule found on the surface of the bacterium that causes typhoid fever with a genetically engineered version of the exotoxin protein, which arouses the immune system to churn out antibodies against the bacterium.

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  2. Anthropology

    Peru Holds Oldest New World City

    Construction of massive ceremonial buildings and residential areas at a Peruvian site began 4,000 years ago, making it the earliest known city in the Americas.

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  3. Health & Medicine

    Germ-killing plastic wrap

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  4. Health & Medicine

    Vitaminlike compound eases rare disorder

    A vitaminlike substance called coenzyme Q10 helps people with familial cerebellar ataxia, a hereditary disorder that damages the spine and the part of the brain responsible for coordination.

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  5. Anthropology

    Human ancestors made ancient entry to Java

    Layers of hardened volcanic ash on the Indonesian island of Java have yielded evidence that Homo erectus reached eastern Asia by 1.5 million years ago and remained there until about 1 million years ago.

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  6. Health & Medicine

    Blood markers of clogging arteries emerge

    The concentration in blood of one chemically transformed cholesterol-carrying molecule may signal to doctors when a patient's heart disease has dangerously worsened.

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  7. Health & Medicine

    Natural antidepressant has its limits

    St. John's wort, a popular ingredient in herbal remedies, may not help people with moderate or severe forms of depression.

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  8. Anthropology

    . . . and then takes some lumps

    The skeletal diversity that many scientists use to divide up fossil species in our evolutionary past masks a genetic unity that actually encompassed relatively few species, contend researchers in an opposing camp.

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  9. Anthropology

    Our family tree does the splits…

    Large-scale changes in climate and habitats may have sparked the evolution of many new animal species in Africa beginning 7 million to 5 million years ago, including a string of new species in the human evolutionary family.

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  10. Humans

    Biomedicine, defense to sidestep budget ax

    President Bush's first budget request would boost funding for biomedical and military research but trim federal outlays for other areas of science and technology.

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  11. Health & Medicine

    Infections tied to head and neck cancers

    Infections from human papillomavirus (HPV) may increase the risk of certain cancers of the head and neck, especially of the tonsils.

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  12. Archaeology

    Ancient ash flow brought sudden death

    Analysis of the excavation in Herculaneum of the victims of the A.D. 79 eruption of Italy's Mount Vesuvius indicates that when the initial ash flow swept through the city, it arrived so quickly that some residents didn't even have time to flinch.

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