July 9, 2016 | Science News

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July 9, 2016

Editor's Note

Our editor in chief discusses science's role in solving society's most pressing issues.
By Eva Emerson | June 29, 2016
Magazine issue: Vol. 190, No. 1 , July 9, 2016 , p. 2

Features

a person shooting up

Feature

Scientists turn to vaccines to curb the growing opioid epidemic.
group of ISIS members

Feature

New studies are examining the "will to fight" in ISIS soldiers and their opponents.

Call to Action

SUPPORT SCIENCE NEWS

Science News is a nonprofit.

Help us keep you informed.

Editor's Note

Our editor in chief discusses science's role in solving society's most pressing issues.

Features

group of ISIS members
New studies are examining the "will to fight" in ISIS soldiers and their opponents.
a person shooting up
Scientists turn to vaccines to curb the growing opioid epidemic.

News

periodic table
Four elements officially recognized in December, highlighted in yellow, now have names that honor Japan, Moscow, Tennessee and physicist Yuri Oganessian.
Bikini Atoll Testing
Lingering radiation levels from nuclear bomb tests on Bikini Atoll are far higher than previously estimated.
pregnant woman's belly
An early report out of Colombia finds no microcephaly in babies born to a group of pregnant women infected with Zika virus during the third trimester.
two spiraling black holes
LIGO has spotted a second set of ripples in the fabric of spacetime.
Iceland rocks
A pilot program in Iceland that injected carbon dioxide into basaltic lava rocks turned more than 95 percent of the greenhouse gas into stone within two years.
Synechococcus cyanobacteria
The most abundant photosynthesizers on Earth stop storing carbon when they catch a virus.
diagrams of mouse paths
Autism-related genes are important for touch perception, a sense that may help the brain develop normally, a study of mice suggests.
LISA Pathfinder illustration
The LISA Pathfinder mission has demonstrated that future observatories in space could detect gravitational waves.
prehobbit reconstructuon and fossils
Jaw, tooth fossils put new spin on evolution of Homo floresiensis.
rat eating
Acetate made by gut microbes stimulates weight gain, research in rodents suggests.
Maps of Jupiter
New radio observations reveal how ammonia moves about beneath Jupiter’s clouds and provide a sneak peek at what NASA’s Juno mission will learn later this year.
Flames of fire
Clues to Stone Age fire making surface in a Spanish cave.
OxyContin
Instead of busting pain, morphine lengthened the duration of pain in rats with a nerve injury.
Altair
On planets orbiting rapidly rotating stars, the seasons can get a little strange.
gas cloud with molecular structure
Propylene oxide in an interstellar cloud sets up a testing ground for understanding why life chooses one type of mirror-image molecule over another.
great tit in urban environment
Great tits raised in urban nests have shorter protective caps on their chromosomes than those raised in rural nests.
White Cliffs of Dover
Debris from a shredded planet points to a world that was once covered in calcium carbonate.
Squid
Glass squid camouflage their eyes with wonderfully inefficient bioluminescence.
dogs
Genetic analysis of an ancient Irish mutt reveals complicated history of dog domestication.

Notebook

Ancient wine jug
A new chemical analysis uncovers the earliest known wine making in Europe.
<em>Machairoceratops cronusi</em> and <em>Spiclypeus shipporum</em>
Two newly discovered relatives of Triceratops had unusual head adornments — even for horned dinosaurs.
Shark snout
A jelly found in sharks and skates, which helps them sense electric fields, is a strong proton conductor.
chondrules in a meteorite
Shock waves might have formed the oldest solid fragments in the solar system, though interplanetary lightning isn’t entirely off the table.
Gun sounds
Sound wave analysis may help forensic scientists figure out what types of guns were fired at a crime scene.

Reviews & Previews

Hope Jahren
In Lab Girl, geobiologist Hope Jahren reveals secret lives of plants — and scientists.

Letters to the Editor

Gun violence research, plaque-busting sugar and more in reader feedback.

Science Visualized

Light pollution conceals the Milky Way’s star-spangled core from more than a third of Earth’s population, a global atlas of artificial sky luminance reveals.